Huong Pagoda, a famous landscapes and a historical culture
Friday, March 8, 2013
Spring is the time of nature, sky and earth mix in one, and at that time, many folk festivals are celebrated in Vietnam. Festivals of spring are the most attractive in a year that attract many people participate in the festivals to express devotion, pray for peace for the entire year and have the opportunity to be immersed in the rich cultural ethnic festivals.
The Vietnamese believe that going to mass in the temple at the beginning of the year is not only wish but also the time for people to find the place after a year of hard work in the living. Immersed into flow of people go to mass to feel the harmony of sky and earth in the spring. Doors of temples are opened with ringing bells and the smell of incense, flowers for ceremony always make the human soul feel peaceful in a strange way. Perfume Pagoda has become a familiar address in the spirit of international and domestic tourists.
Every year, in the spring, flowers of apricot tree blossoms that make moutain and forest awash in white. This is the time for millions of people pilgrimage to Perfume Pagoda. The journey to land of Buddha to offer incense, pray a wish or release soul with nature.
Perfume Pagoda festival takes place in Huong moutain village, My Duc distric, Hanoi city. 6th January (lunar calendar) is start date of Perfume Pagoda festival, the festival lasts until the end of March(lunar calendar). That day was forest opening day of the local people, after, became start date of the festival.
Perfume Pagoda is a famous landscapes, it is not only famous for beautiful scene but also a subculture of the Buddhist beliefs of the Vietnamese people. Unlike anywhere, Perfume Pagoda is a collection of many cave-temples that associated with mountains, forests and it has become a population of large landscapes with architectural harmony between nature and man-made. The Creator has cleverly staged gentle mountains and forests for this place and human have blown soul in that wonderful things. It has become vivid and colorful sparkling, it has created a culture of ethnic - the cultural Buddhist beliefs. Perhaps, through the centuries, it has bolded in the minds of every Vietnamese people.
Standing in front of such a scenic, kings and scholars did not spare praise. In 1770, Trinh Sam lord came to Huong mountain and he carved five words on the door of Huong Tich cave" Nam Thien De Nhat Dong" ( the most beautiful cave in South) and many poets came here such as: Chu Manh Trinh, Cao Ba Quat, Xuan Dieu, Che Lan Vien, Ho Xuan Huong,etc. And now, Perfume Pagoda is not only the value of a region but also national monument and spiritual cultural values of a nation. Because it is the value of live of Vietnamese people's cultural beliefs Buddhism from ancient times to the present day.
For tourists have come to the Perfume Pagoda and those who do not have a chance come to Perfume Pagoda learn more about the " Small moutain and forest that have great wonders ", we will introduce a number of geographical features and natural conditions of Perfume Pagoda.
From the center of Hanoi city 62 kilometers to the southwest, belongs to Huong moutain village, My Duc distric, Hanoi city. Huong moutain is known for its famous historic, cultural and scenic. From Hanoi to Ha Dong and Ba La, you can go along the Highway 21B to the Te Tieu town, you turn left , keep going about 12 kilometers, you will come to Perfume Pagoda. If you come from the South, you go to Phu Ly city, crossing the Hong Phu bridge, then turn right, through Que town to Dau market, turn left, keep going about 4 kilometers, you will come to Perfume Pagoda.
According to the researchers, limestone mountains of Huong moutain exists more than 200 million years ago. Huong moutain is not a greatest moutain but it has mysterious beauty with mysterious names of feng shui theory such as: Long moutain(Dragon moutain), Lan moutain(unicorn moutain), Quy moutain( turtle moutain), Phuong moutain (Phoenix moutain),etc or rustic associated with working people such as: Tran moutain( Boa moutain), Ga moutain (Chiken moutain), Voi moutain( Elephant moutain),etc.
Stream in Perfume Pagoda is not deep but it is winding and floating as girl's hair. Huong mountain has native forests with rich and rare vegetation, fauna. All that things have created a unique ecological environment and biodiversity.
People were present in Huong moutain very early and thanks to creative power of human labor has made natural of Huong mountain area become permanent. The archaeologists found in Sung Sam cave, Luon cave(of Perfume mountain landscapes population) remnants of the ancient people in a thousand years ago.
When Buddhism spread and development in Vietnam, the Zen master came here to build temple and open pagoda. From primitive temples, Perfume Pagoda has become a big pagoda that is gathered by 18 cave-pagodas, they are located on 4 villages: Yen Vi, Hoi Xa, Duc Khe, Phu Yen. The cave-pagodas has largely been discovered and built in the centuries: XV, XVIII, XIX . Majority of temples leaned back against mountainside or located in the valley.
All these favorable factors have created for a beauty for Huong moutain, have formed valuable monuments of history and culture
and have created a big cultural festivals.
Come to Perfume Pagoda festival, you will feel the magical beauty of nature, the vastness of sky and earth, the majestic of mountains, mysterious caves or look at the history engraved on tablets of stone and enjoy the special dishes of the forest.